Democracy. Coined from Greek “demos” [people] “kratos” [power].
Multiple approaches to democracy can be discussed or identified. Ancient Greece, Rome or some State-cities during the Middle Ages and Renaissance period implemented democratic systems limited to some of their citizens. In Brazil nowadays participative democracy movements are becoming more and more popular. But when talking about democracy the widespread concept in Western Europe is the representative democracy.
A key element to sustain this political model where the people vote regularly their representatives is the division of the powers: legislative, executive and juridical. Representativeness coming through political parties and closed lists, Congress and Senate are configured by identical forces what definitively makes the system weaker. Contaminated with politics through the professional associations and the nomination procedures the juridical system can neither provide independent judgment nor fair decisions. Thus the whole model rests on one single power. The said fourth power, the media, could act as a counter balance. Or even public demonstrations. Unfortunately both have been taken by political parties’ interests. So for today representative democracy is not any longer what the etymological definition of democracy stands for.
Open lists, more direct democracy, funding independent media or critical presence of the people on the streets appear as the few options to avoid the demagogy that every democracy is doomed to according to Aristotle.